The Museum built in 1956. It is one of the largest museum which is about the arid region in the northwest of china. 120，000 samples include plants, animals, microorganisms, and soil.
There are many rare samples in the museum. For example，Betula (Betula halophila Chi ng ex PC Li) for the endemic species of plants in Xinjiang is only two in china. In addition, nearly 200 species specimens （endemic species， rare and endangered species）are collected in this museum.
In support of Chinese Academy of Sciences，the museum has a huge development in past decades years. The total area is expand to 4526 m2 (Turpan Desert Botanic
Garden exhibition hall，128 ㎡). Every year，there are a lot of vistors －leaders 、scientists, the public－visiting the museum.
Nearly 2000 ㎡ exhibition hall( Turpan Garden exhibition hall,100m2) exhibits overview of Xinjiang (political district, regional, national, etc.), as well as desert, soil,
glaciers, rivers, lakes, wetlands, oasis, animals and plants of Xinjiang.
We welcome the scientists from china or overseas to work with us to study on ecology and geography.
Curator: Feng Ying