Established in 1960, the Station is located at 86.06°E and 45.03°N in the northern part of Regiment 150, Mosuowan reclamation area of Shihezi on the southern fringe of Gurbantunggut Desert.
(1) Development regulation and development trend of the Gurbantunggut Desert
(2) Composition, structure, function and evolution of desert-oasis ecosystems
(3) Restoration of degraded ecosystems and development pattern of sand industries
(4) Formation, prevention and control of blown sand disasters
(5) Provision of technological service and theoretical support for the development of desert fringes and desertification control
(1) Restoration and rehabilitation of vegetation on the southern fringe of the Gurbantunggut Desert
(2) Selection, management and utilization of important plant species on the southern fringes of the Gurbantunggut Desert
Twenty one projects at national, provincial and departmental levels have been successively finished. The researchers have been awarded two 2nd and three 3rd prizes at the provincial and departmental level, and one 3rd prize at the national level.
(1) Research on rehabilitation and utilization of desert vegetation in the Mosuowan area
Both the method of non-irrigation afforestation in fixed and semi-fixed desert and a tool for planting trees in deserts (a slot planting shovel) derived from the research were patented.
Wang X Q, Wang T, Jiang J, et al. 2005. On the sand surface stability in the southern part of Gurbantunggut Desert. Science in China: Series D, 48(6): 778–785.
(2) Biological and ecological characteristics of sand-fixing plants on the fringes of the desert
Wang X Q, Jiang J, Lei J Q, et al. 2003. Distribution of ephemeral plants and their significance in dune stabilization in Gurbantunggut Desert. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 13(3): 323–330.
(3) Research on introduction and domestication of desert plants and their utilization in desertification control
Both the cultivation method for Apocynum venetum L. seedlings on saline-alkali soils and a method of desert fixation by terrestrial nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria derived from the research were patented.
Jiang J, Wang X Q, Lei J Q. 2003. Soil moisture distribution in straw barrier system in Gurbantunggut Desert of Xingjiang, China. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 17(3): 74–77.
The project of rainwater harvesting system for afforestation
Director: Prof. JIANG Jin